What does the new Senate bill on gun control include?

The Senate voted in favor of passing bipartisan arms legislation on Tuesday, in hopes of passing it before the July 4 recess.

All 50 members of the Democratic caucus joined 14 Republicans in pushing for the bill. The bill comes after a series of mass shootings, mostly in Buffalo, New York and Ovalde, Texas.

The bipartisan law for safer communities lags behind the more extensive proposals approved by Democrats in Parliament and is already facing opposition from top Republicans in Parliament. If passed, however, the bill would be the most sweeping gun safety bill passed by Congress in decades.

Senator John Cornyn, walking down a corridor in the Capitol, answers questions as reporters surround him.

Senator John Cornyn, Texas, is being questioned by reporters at the US Capitol on June 21. (Mary F. Calvert / Reuters)

The main negotiators of the bill – the senators Chris Murphy, D-Conn., John Cornyn, R-Texas, Kyrsten Sinema, D-Ariz. and Thom Tillis, RN.C. Issued a joint statement celebrating the agreement.

“Today, we have finalized bipartisan, common sense legislation to protect America’s children, keep our schools safe, and reduce the threat of violence throughout our country,” they said. “Our legislation will save lives and will not violate any legitimate rights of the American Second Amendment. “We look forward to gaining broad, bipartisan support and enacting our common sense legislation.”

The following are some of the key provisions of the 80-page bill.

Funding for crisis centers and the so-called red flag laws

A large queue of people standing and sitting in folding chairs and on the ground, waiting to enter a store marked: GUNS, Knives, Collectibles and We Buy.  Guns, Single Gun or Entire Collection.

People wait in line to enter a gun shop in Culver City, California in 2020. (Ringo HW Chiu / AP)

Under the law, $ 750 million will be available over the next five years to help states enforce red flag laws that allow authorities to temporarily seize firearms from people who pose a threat to themselves or others. (Similar laws already exist in 19 states and the District of Columbia.) Legislation allows these programs to be implemented through mental health, drug, and veteran courts.

The Republicans who took part in the negotiations pushed to ensure that no one would be labeled without “the right to a personal hearing, an impartial judge, the right to know otherwise, the right to present evidence and the right to face negative witnesses.” as well as the right to have a lawyer present at the hearing.

“Under this bill, each state will be able to use significant new federal dollars to expand its programs to prevent dangerous people, people thinking of mass murder or suicide, from gaining access to the weapons that allow them to do so. “crime,” Murphy said in a speech.

Closing the “friend’s window”

A potential buyer holds a Glock in his right hand.

A shopper in a store in Orem, Utah, in 2021, is holding a Glock pistol. (George Frey / Bloomberg via Getty Images)

While spouses, spouses or spouses who have been convicted of domestic violence are no longer allowed to buy firearms, unmarried and separated abusers can still buy firearms, creating the so-called of the friend “. (According to Everytown, a firearms advocacy team, about 70 women are shot and killed by an intimate partner each month.)

Under the new law, anyone convicted of domestic violence against a former or current dating partner will be barred from buying a firearm.

Republican negotiators have pushed for a stricter definition of who will qualify as a dating partner and how long they will not be able to buy a gun. The law will also not apply retroactively, which means that someone will have to be convicted of domestic violence after the law takes effect before their right to buy a firearm is revoked.

“Unless someone is convicted of domestic violence under state law, their gun rights will not be affected,” Cornyn said in a statement.

“Those convicted of a misdemeanor outside the spouse of domestic abuse – not a crime but a misdemeanor of domestic violence – will have the opportunity to re-establish their Second Amendment rights after five years. But they must have a clear record.”

Extended history checks for newer buyers

Seeing a customer looking over a bench with weapons in a row of rifles, a customer thinks of a purchase.

A customer sees pistols for sale at Knob Creek Gun Range in West Point, Ky., In 2021. (Jon Cherry / Bloomberg via Getty Images)

Legislation requires the extension of history checks to buyers under the age of 21, providing three working days to complete the review of their criminal history and mental health history. If this background check finds something questionable in a potential buyer’s file, the law will provide an additional seven business days for the buyer to be examined.

Funding for mental health and school safety

The bill provides funding to expand access to mental health services, including facilitating Americans in Medicaid to use telemedicine services and work with “providers and organizations that treat mental health disorders and use community-based substances.” And it would provide additional funding for the National Suicide Prevention Hotline (as guns accounted for the majority of suicide deaths by 2020) while schools would receive funding to increase the number of mental health staff.

Flowers and gifts are stacked around the Robb Elementary School sign.

Robb Elementary School sign, covered in flowers and gifts June 17 in Uvalde, Texas. (Brandon Bell / Getty Images)

The bill also provides $ 300 million for the STOP School Violence Act for increased school safety, although some Democrats have expressed concern about this aspect of the bill. Last week, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, DN.Y. he said he was worried on “extending background checks to juvenile records”, arguing that previous efforts to ensure school safety were both ineffective and harmful.

After the 1998 shooting at Columbine High School in Colorado, Ocasio-Cortez said, “We hired thousands of police officers in schools and while it did not prevent many of the mass shootings we have seen now, it has increased the criminalization of teens in communities like mine.” .

Authorized dealers and arms dealers

At a weapons counter, a customer delivers cash for an AR-15 rifle.

A customer buys an AR-15 rifle with cash at a store in Orem, Utah, USA on Thursday, March 25, 2021. (George Frey / Bloomberg via Getty Images)

The legislation would also require more vendors to register as “Federally licensed firearms dealers,” including those who sell firearms to “make a substantial profit.” These sellers in turn should conduct background checks on potential buyers and keep records of sales.

The bill will also impose sanctions on “straw” buyers who buy weapons for people who cannot pass the historical check.

Cover thumbnail photo illustration: Yahoo News; photos: Getty Images, Eric Baradat / AFP via Getty Images

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